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You will then see a sliding scale representing shutter speed. Both versions do have the same functionality. Since iOS 7, app icons have been using the shape of a superellipse. The tab bar is used to allow the user to quickly navigate through the separate views of an application, and it should only be used for this purpose. Once you dig deeper, you might be interested in more details.
The horizon level is just a line in the middle of the frame which tilts when you move your camera. This can be examined at a later date, or used by your favorite photo organizing tools to help you group photos by their location. RAW is a file format. RAW images are unprocessed, which means that your iPhone captures all the information available to it when you take a photo, without making any behind-the-scenes adjustments.
Note that RAW files are big files, therefore they take up extra space on your phone. RAW files are also are slower to capture, which affects how quickly multiple photos are captured in burst mode. Swipe the second row of icons sideways to select the shooting mode you require. The self-timer lets you introduce a delay between you pressing the shutter button and the photo actually being taken.
Use this feature when you want to be in the shot, or when you want to prevent blurry photos caused by camera shake created when you press the shutter button. You can change the length of the countdown by tapping the number in the middle of the screen. Fast shutter speeds mean the camera or subject move a shorter distance whilst the shutter is open, reducing the likelihood of blurry photos.
This is the default shooting mode, and, with this mode activated, pressing the shutter will result in a single, unstabilized shot being taken straight away. With burst mode enabled, you can capture a series of images in rapid succession for as long as the shutter button is pressed. Each time your subject smiles another photo is taken. Tap the photo you want to work on, then tap Edit.
Scenes are auto-correcting presets which are tailored to suit different shooting conditions or subjects. These offer a quick-fix to exposure and color without you having to make any manual adjustments.
In the bar above, swipe to view the wide range of scene presets.
Tap a preset to apply its effects to your image. Alternatively, you can use the freeform option and set the crop dimensions yourself. Then tap Done. Remember to use these tools in moderation.
This control allows you to specify how much of the scene, from the background to the foreground, receives the applied effect. The set of three photos below illustrates how the depth range works. The first photo shows a portrait captured on an iPhone X with no tint applied yet. The second photo has a green tint applied, but it affects the whole photo. The third example shows how the depth range setting has been adjusted to prevent the foreground from receiving the tint, leaving the portrait subject unaffected by the green tint.
The clarity tool lets you adjust the intensity of the exposure or the vibrancy of the colors. To use, simply drag the sliders until you achieve the look you want. To do this, either use one of the two rotate icons, or tap on the photo and drag in the direction you want to rotate.
Flip the photo vertically or horizontally by tapping on the corresponding flip icon, or swiping the photo in the direction you want it to be flipped. Unlike the rotate tool above, where you are limited to the degree increments, the straighten tool lets you make very small rotation adjustments.
There are three ways to rotate your photo. You can tap on the photo and drag your finger to rotate it. Alternatively, use the horizontal slider to set the amount of rotation. Lastly, for smaller increments, simply tap the small rotation icons which are located either side of the rotation slider. Use this tool to fix a crooked horizon, or to straighten up the primary vertical in your photo — such as a telegraph pole or tower.
To add a color tint to your photo, first, use the Color slider to choose the color you want to apply, then, use the Intensity slider to set how much of the color you want to be applied.
Use this tool to improve a sunset scene by adding warmer colors or make a snowy scene feel cooler by adding a little blue. This tool is similar to the Tint tool above, but it gives you the ability to apply separate color tints and intensities to the bright and dark areas of the image. Furthermore, it allows you to desaturate remove the color from both the bright and dark areas by degrees.
In each case, the top slider selects the color tint to be applied. The bottom slider affects the desaturation and color intensity. Sliding from the left to the middle desaturates the image — turning it black and white in the middle. Sliding from the middle towards the extreme right applies the chosen color in ever-increasing intensity. To make your photo look like it was shot on grainy, high-speed film, simply dial in the amount of grain you want by moving the slider horizontally.
Move the slider horizontally to get the correct sharpness. This is a more extreme version of soft focus and will make your image completely blurry. Choose how blurry you want the photo to be by moving the slider. The saturation tool deepens or mutes the colors in the photo. The central position on the slider applies no changes to saturation. Sliding it to the left mutes the colors and sliding it to the right deepens the color saturation.
Use this tool to correct an unintended color cast, for example, when shooting indoors with only household lighting, or outdoors at nighttime under street lighting, the images can be a little too orange — or warm.
So, to fix this, move the slider to the left for a cooler color temperature, or to the right for a warmer color temperature. You can fix brightness and contrast issues by moving the corresponding slider left or right to decrease or increase brightness or contrast respectively. The vignette feature creates a dramatic tunnel-vision effect which, as a result, can help draw attention to your subject, or conceal distracting elements near the edges or corners of your photo.
The top slider controls the opacity and color of the vignette. The vignette is disabled with the slider at the central position. Move the top slider to the left to create a dark-colored vignette, noting that the further to the left you slide, the darker and more opaque the vignette. Move the top slider to the right to create a light-colored vignette, noting that the further to the right you slide, the brighter and more opaque the vignette.
Finally, the bottom slider controls how far the vignette reaches from the edges into the center of the scene, as demonstrated in the three examples below which show the two extremes of dark to light vignettes, with the center photo having no vignette.
Filters are one-tap stylistic effects, however, each has an advanced option allowing you to adjust the intensity of the filter effect. Firstly, explore the filter categories, which include color filters, retro filters, standard filters and optional premium filters which you can purchase in-app. Finally, reduce the intensity of the effect by moving the slider to the left, or increase the filter intensity by moving the slider to the right.
You can also layer multiple filters for more creative control. To add another filter, in the advanced settings, press Add Filter. Frames are another way to add a fun final touch to your photo. Firstly, explore the available frames by tapping on each frame category. Finally, tap on the frame preview you like best. The navigation bar contains the controls for navigating through the applications views and optionally to manage the content of the current view.
It will always appear at the top of the screen, right below the status bar. By default, the background is slightly translucent and blurs content underneath the bar. The background fill of the bar can be set to a solid color, a gradient or a custom bitmap-pattern. With the release of iOS 11, Apple introduced a new navigation bar style: Navigation Bar on iPhone in landscape mode. The height of the bar is reduced by 12pt, except on iPads. It's also a common practice to hide the status bar in landscape mode.
With the release of iOS 12, Apple increased the height of the base navigation bar by 6 points on iPad devices only. Large titles continue to add a further 52 points to the height of the navigation bar. A toolbar contains a set of actions for managing or manipulating the content of the current view. On the iPhone, it will always appear aligned at the bottom edge of the screen, while on the iPad, it can also be displayed aligned at the top of the screen. Similarly to the navigation bar, the background fill of toolbars can be modified, is translucent and blurs the underlaying content by default.
Toolbars should be used when a specific view requires more than three primary actions that would hardly fit or would look messy in the navigation bar. Search bars come in two different styles by default: Both versions do have the same functionality. Search bars can make use of a prompt — a short sentence to introduce the functionality in the context of the search.
To provide even more control over a search query, it is possible to chain the search Bar with a scope bar. The scope bar will use the same style as the search bar and might be useful when there are clearly defined categories for the search results.
For example, in a music app, the search results could be filtered again by interpreters, albums or songs. The tab bar is used to allow the user to quickly navigate through the separate views of an application, and it should only be used for this purpose.
It always appears at the bottom edge of the screen. By default, its slightly translucent and uses the same system blur for underlaying content as the navigation bar. A tab bar can only contain a fixed maximum number of tabs.
To notify users about new information on a view, it sometimes makes sense to apply a badge count to a tab bar button. If a view is temporarily disabled, the related tab button should not be completely hidden; instead, it should be faded out to visually communicate the disabled state.
On the iPad, labels for tabs are rendered in a larger font size and next to the icon instead of below. Since iOS 12, the tab bar is also slightly taller, matching the increased height of toolbars 50pt.
Tab Bar on the iPad Pro. Another 15pt of empty space are added below the tab bar for the virtual home button on iPads with liquid retina display.
Table views are used to display small to large amounts of list style information in a single or multiple columns and with the option to divide several rows into separate sections or to group them. There are two basic table view types that should be used, depending on the type of data you are presenting. A plain table contains a number of rows that can have a header on the top and a footer after the last row.
A grouped table allows you to organize rows in groups. Each group can have a header best used to describe the context for the group as well as a footer good for help text, etc. A grouped table needs to contain at least one group, and each group needs to contain at least one row. For both table view types, a few styles are available to present the data in a way that allows users to easily scan, read and probably modify it.
The subtitle table style enables a small subtitle text underneath the row title. It is useful for further explanations or short descriptions.
The value table style allows you to display a specific value that is related to the row title. Similar to the default style, each row can have an image and a title that are both aligned to the left.
The title is followed by the right aligned label for the value, which is usually displayed in a slightly more subtle text color than the title.
When displaying subtitles in a table view you should consider using the larger table cell style. While each temporary view exists for a very specific purpose and each one looks different, all temporary views still have one thing in common: An activity view is used to perform specific tasks.
These tasks can be default system tasks such as share content via the available options, or they can be completely custom actions. When designing icons for custom task buttons, you should follow the same guidelines as for the active state of bar button icons — solid fill, no effects, on a transparent background. Action Sheets are used to perform one single action from a list of available actions and to force the user of an app to confirm an action or cancel it.
In portrait mode and on small landscape screen resolutions , actions are always displayed as a list of buttons sliding in and staying at the bottom edge of the screen. In this case, an action sheet should always have a cancel button to close the view and not perform any of the listed actions.
When there is enough space available e. A button to close the view is not required anymore because tapping a target anywhere outside the popover will close it automatically.
The purpose of alerts is to inform the user about critical information and optionally to force the user to make a decision about some action. An alert view does always contain a title text, which should not be longer than one line and one for pure informational alerts, e.
Also, you can add a message text, if needed, as well as up to two text input fields, one of which can be a masked input field, which is appropriate for sensitive information like passwords or PINs.
While it is possible to control which operations the user can choose from, the visual appearance of edit menus is set and not configurable unless you build your own completely custom edit menu. Popovers are useful when a specific action requires multiple user inputs before proceeding. A good example is adding an item, which has a few attributes that need to be set before the item can be created. In a horizontal environment, popovers reveal underneath the related control such as a button with an arrow pointing to that control while opened.
The background of a popover uses a slightly reduced opacity and blurs the content underneath, just as many other UI elements have done since iOS 7. A popover is a powerful temporary view that can contain various objects such as its own navigation bar, table views, maps or web views. When a popover grows in size due to the number of contained elements and reaches the bottom edge of the viewport, it is possible to scroll within the popover.
Modals are a useful view for tasks that require multiple commands or inputs by the user. They appear on top of everything else, and, while open, block interaction with any other interactive elements underneath. Listed below you will find the most important commonly used , but for a full list of the available controls, you should look at the iOS Developer Library.
Probably the most used control overall is the good old button. Since iOS 7, the default button design hasn't really looked like a button anymore, but rather more like a plain text link. The button control is highly customizable and allows you to style everything from text style, drop shadows and color to an icon that is either prepended or centered if there is no text label, as well as fully custom backgrounds. Keep in mind that a button can have several states, which should be communicated with visual language: Pickers are used to select one value from a list of available values.
The web equivalent would be a select box which the picker control is also used for when touching a select in Safari. An extended version of picker is the datepicker, which allows the user to scroll through a list of dates and times and select values for configurable day, month and time. Except for the background color, it is not possible to change the visual style or size same as keyboard of a picker control.
Most often, they appear at the bottom of the screens, where keyboards appear as well, but it is possible to use them in other positions. A segment control contains a set of segments at least two that can be used for things like filtering content or to create tabs for clearly categorized content types. Each segment can contain a text label or an image icon , but never both.