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Illustrations of masonry william morgan pdf

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Illustrations of Freemasonry [Capt William Morgan] on link-marketing.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This controversial, and fully illustrated book forms a . Free PDF, epub, Kindle ebook. By William Morgan. Fully illustrated, this is one of the first published accounts of US Freemasonry in the early 19th century. William Morgan ( – c. ) was a resident of Batavia, New York, whose disappearance Illustration of Morgan. . In his novel The Craft: Freemasons, Secret Agents, and William Morgan (), the author Thomas Talbot presents a fictional version of the William . Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.


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Independence of the United States of America, A.D. , William Morgan, " Illustrations of Masonry, by one of the fraternity who has devoted thirty years to the. Masons in Europe and America, of all degrees and offices, to be one that every Morgan and Dr. Strong as the remains of William Morgan by their accurate. 'Captain' William Morgan, the author, was a disappointed Freemason in Batavia, New York. Rejected by the local lodge, he announced that he was going to publish a work exposing Masonic rituals and secrets. Shortly before publication in , he disappeared, and three Masons were.

He that hath clean hands and a pure heart. You admit that it is not in the power of any man. This degree is very simple. One rap calls the Lodge to order; one calls up the Junior and Senior Deacons; two raps call up the subordinate officers; and three, all the members of the Lodge. Right Worshipful. As the most vital points of man are contained between the two breasts.

On this theme we contemplate. A listening ear teaches me to listen to the instructions of the Worshipful Master. A silent tongue teaches me to be silent in the Lodge. To be good and true are the first lessons we are taught in Masonry. What do they teach? It teaches me. What was it? A faithful heart. The Worshipful Master in the East made a demand of me of something of a metallic kind. How explained? A listening ear. A second reason? Why was you neither naked nor clothed? All the stones were hewed.

Why was you hoodwinked? Why was you neither barefoot nor shod? As I was in darkness at that time. I was conducted to the northeast corner of the Lodge. It was an ancient Israelitish custom adopted among Masons. As I was an object of distress at that time. There was neither the sound of an axe. After you returned. That my heart might conceive before my eyes beheld the beauties of Masonry.

How could so stupendous a fabric be erected without the sound of axe. Question—Why was you divested of all metals when you was made a Mason?

Answer—Because Masonry regards no man on account of his worldly wealth or honors. Why had you a cable-tow about your neck? In case I had not submitted to the manner and mode of my initiation, that I might have been led out of the Lodge without seeing the form and beauties thereof. Why did you give three distinct knocks at the door? To alarm the Lodge, and let the Worshipful Master, Wardens and brethren know that a poor blind candidate prayed admission.

What do those three distinct knocks allude to? A certain passage in Scripture wherein it says, "Ask and it shall be given, seek and ye shall find, knock and it shall be opened unto you. How did you apply this to your then case in Masonry? I asked the recommendation of a friend to become a Mason; I sought admission through his recommendations and knocked, and the door of Masonry opened unto me.

Why was you caused to enter on the point of some sharp instrument pressing your naked left breast in the name of the Lord? As [Pg 21]this was a torture to my flesh, so might the recollection of it ever be to my flesh and conscience, if ever I attempted to reveal the secrets of Masonry unlawfully. Why was you conducted to the centre of the Lodge, and there caused to kneel for the benefit of a prayer? Before entering on this, or any other great and important undertaking, it is highly necessary to implore a blessing from Deity.

Why was you asked in whom you put your trust? Agreeably to the laws of our ancient institution, no Atheist could be made a Mason; it was, therefore, necessary that I should believe in Deity; otherwise, no oath or obligation could bind me. Why did the Worshipful Master take you by the right hand and bid you rise, follow your leader, and fear no danger? As I was in darkness at that time, and could neither forsee nor avoid danger, it was to remind me that I was in the hands of an affectionate friend, in whose fidelity I might with safety confide.

Why was you conducted three times regularly round the Lodge? That the Worshipful Master, Wardens and brethren might see that I was duly and truly prepared. Why did you meet with those several obstructions on the way? This, and every other Lodge is, or ought to be, a true representation of King Solomon's Temple, which, when completed, had guards stationed at the East, West, and South gates.

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Why had they guards stationed at those several gates? To prevent any one from passing or repassing that was not duly qualified. Why did you kneel on your left knee and not on your right, or both? The left side has ever been considered the weakest part of the body; it was, therefore, to remind me that that part I was then taking upon me was the weakest part of Masonry, it being that only of an Entered Apprentice.

Why was your right hand placed on the Holy Bible, Square and Compass, and not your left, or both? The right hand has ever been. Why did the Worshipful Master present you with a lamb-skin, or a white apron? The lamb-skin has, in all ages, been deemed an emblem of innocence; he, therefore, who wears the lamb-skin, as a badge of a Mason, is thereby continually reminded of that purity of life and rectitude of conduct, which is so essentially necessary to our gaining admission into the Celestial Lodge above, where the Supreme Architect of the Universe presides.

Why did the Master make a demand of you of something of a metallic nature? As I was in a poor and penniless situation at the time, it was to remind me if ever I saw a friend, but more especially a brother, [Pg 22]in a like poor and penniless situation, that I should contribute as liberally to his relief as my abilities would admit and his situation required, without injuring myself or family.

Why was you conducted to the northeast corner of the Lodge, and there caused to stand upright, like a man, your feet forming a square, receiving, at the same time, a solemn charge to walk and act uprightly before God and man? The first stone in every Masonic edifice is, or ought to be, placed at the northeast corner; that being the place where an Entered Apprentice Mason receives his first instructions to build his future Masonic edifice upon.

Question—We have been saying a good deal about a Lodge, I want to know what constitutes a Lodge? Answer—A certain number of Free and Accepted Masons, duly assembled in a room or place, with the Holy Bible, Square and Compass, and other Masonic Implements, with a charter from the Grand Lodge, empowering them to work.

Where did our ancient brethren meet before Lodges were erected? On the highest hills, and in the lowest vales. Why on the highest hills and in the lowest vales? The better to guard against cowans and enemies either ascending or descending, that the brethren might have timely notice of their approach, to prevent being surprised. What is the form of your Lodge? An oblong square. How long? From East to West. How wide? Between North and South. How high?

From the surface of the earth to the highest heavens. How deep? From the surface to the centre. What supports your Lodge? Three large columns or pillars. What are their names? Wisdom, Strength, and Beauty. Why so? It is necessary there should be wisdom to contrive, strength to support, and beauty to adorn, all great and important undertakings; but more especially this of ours.

Has your Lodge any covering? It has; a clouded canopy, or starrydecked heaven, where all good Masons hope to arrive. How do you hope to arrive there? By the assistance of Jacob's ladder. How many principal rounds has it got? Faith, Hope, and Charity.

Faith in God, hope in immortality, and charity to all mankind. Has your Lodge any furniture? It has; the Holy Bible, Square, and Compass. To whom do they belong? The Bible to God, it being the inestimable gift of God to man for his instruction, to guide him through the rugged paths of life; the Square to the Master, it being the proper emblem of [Pg 23]his office: Has your Lodge any ornaments?

It has; the Mosaic, or checkered pavement; the indented tressel; that beautiful tesselated border which surrounds it, with the blazing star in the centre. The Mosaic, or checkered pavement, represents this world; which, though checkered over with good and evil, yet brethren may walk together thereon and not stumble; the indented tressel, with the blazing star in the centre, the manifold blessings and comforts with which we are surrounded in this life, but more especially those which we hope to enjoy hereafter; the blazing star, that prudence which ought to appear conspicuous in the conduct of every Mason, but more especially commemorative of the star which appeared in the East to guide the wise men to Bethlehem, to proclaim the birth and the presence of the Son of God.

Has your Lodge any lights? It has; three. How are they situated? East, West, and South. Has it none in the North? It has not. Because this and every other Lodge is, or ought to be, a true representation of King Solomon's Temple, which was situated North of the ecliptic; the Sun and Moon, therefore, darting their rays from the South, no light was to be expected from the North; we, therefore, Masonically, term the North a place of darkness.

Has your Lodge any jewels? It has; six; three movable and three immovable. What are the three movable jewels? The Square, Level, and Plumb. The Square, morality; the Level, equality; and the Plumb, rectitude of life and conduct. What are the three immovable jewels? The rough Ashlar, the perfect Ashlar, and the Tressel-Board. What are they? The rough Ashlar is a stone in its rough and natural state; the perfect Ashlar is also a stone, made ready by the working tools of the Fellow Craft to be adjusted in the building; and the TressleBoard is for the master workman to draw his plans and designs upon.

The rough Ashlar represents man in his rude and imperfect state by nature; the perfect Ashlar also represents man in that state of perfection to which we all hope to arrive, by means of a virtuous life and education, our own endeavors, and the blessing of God. In erecting our temporal building, we pursue the plans and designs laid down by the master workman on his Tressle-Board: Who did you serve? My Master. Six days. Chalk, Charcoal, and Earth.

There is nothing freer than chalk, the slightest touch of which leaves a trace behind; nothing more fervent than heated charcoal; it will melt the most obdurate metals; nothing more zealous than the earth to bring forth. How is your Lodge situated? Due East and West. Because the Sun rises in the East and sets in the West. The gospel was first preached in the East and is spreading to the West. A third reason? The liberal arts and sciences began in the East and are extending to the West.

A fourth reason? Because all the churches and chapels are, or ought to be, so situated. Why are all churches and chapels so situated? Because King Solomon's Temple was so situated. To King Solomon. Because they were the two most ancient Christian patrons of Masonry. John the Evangelist. Why was King Solomon's Temple so situated? To whom did our ancient brethren dedicate their Lodges?

It is proper to add here that very few Masons ever learn the Lecture. This degree is usually called "passing. Because King Solomon was our most ancient Grand Master. To St. Because Moses. The candidate. John the Baptist and St. Of course. All his clothing taken off. To whom do modern Masons dedicate their Lodges? Who comes here? After which. The candidate gives one without.

You now enter it on the angle of the Square. It is answered by the Junior Deacon with one. I assure you. To all which I do most solemnly and sincerely promise and swear.

Its origin will be explained in the Lecture. The real grip of a Fellow Craft Mason is given by putting the thumb on the joint of the second finger. This is the pass-grip of a Fellow Craft Mason. The two given together are called the sign and due-guard of a Fellow Craft Mason.

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The Master says to the candidate. I now present you with my right hand. The Master. This is the real grip of a Fellow Craft Mason. If [Pg 28]you wish to examine a person. It is obviously wrong, because the first thing he gives is the sign, then the due-guard, then the pass-grip, and their names. The Senior Deacon then conducts his pupil to the Master, who has by this time resumed his seat in the East, where he has, or ought to have, the floor carpet to assist him in his explanations.

Master to the candidate, "Brother, as you are dressed, it is necessary you should have tools to work with; I will, therefore, present you with the tools of a Fellow Craft Mason. They are the Plumb, Square, and Level. The Plumb is an instrument made use of by operative masons to raise perpendiculars; the Square, to square their work; and the Level, to lay horizontals; but we, as Free and Accepted Masons, are taught to use them for more noble and glorious purposes; the Plumb teaches us to walk uprightly, in our several stations, before God and man; squaring our actions by the square of virtue; and remembering that we are traveling on the level of time to that 'undiscovered country, from whose bourne no traveler has returned.

They worked at the building of King Solomon's Temple, and many other Masonic edifices; they wrought six days; they did not work on the seventh, because in six days God created the heavens and the earth, and rested on the seventh day.

The seventh, therefore, our ancient brethren consecrated as a day of rest; thereby enjoying more frequent opportunities to contemplate the glorious works of creation, and to adore their great Creator. The net work, from its connection, denotes union; the lily work, from its whiteness, purity and peace; and the pomegranate, from the exuberance of its seed, denotes plenty. They also have two large globes, or balls, one on each; these globes or balls contain, on their convex surfaces, all the maps and charts of the celestial and terrestrial bodies; they are said to be thus extensive to denote the universality of Masonry, and that a Mason's charity ought to be equally extensive.

Their composition is molten, or cast brass; they were cast on the banks of the river Jordan, in the clay-ground between Succoth and Zaradatha, where King Solomon ordered these and all other holy vessels to be cast; they were cast hollow; and were four inches, or a hand's breadth thick; they were cast hollow, the better to withstand inundations and conflagrations; they were the archives of Masonry, and contained the constitution, rolls, and records.

The three first allude to the three principal supports in Masonry, viz. Hearing, to hear the word; Seeing, to see the sign; and Feeling, to feel the grip, whereby one Mason may know another in the dark as well as in the light. The seven steps allude to the seven sabbatical years; seven years of famine; seven years in building the temple; seven golden candlesticks; seven wonders of the world; seven planets; but more especially the seven liberal arts and sciences, which are Grammar, Rhetoric, Logic, Arithmetic, Geometry, Music, and Astronomy; for this, and many other reasons, the number seven has ever been held in high [Pg 30]estimation among Masons.

If given to a Mason, he will immediately return it; they can be given in any company unobserved, even by Masons, when shaking hands. In the Lecture it is called a token, but. It is an undeniable fact that Masons express themselves so differently, when they mean the same thing, that they frequently wholly misunderstand each other.

This word was also used by our ancient brethren to distinguish a friend from a foe, and has since been adopted as a proper pass-word, to be given before entering any wellregulated and governed Lodge of Fellow Craft Masons. As they approach the Senior Warden in the West, the Senior Deacon says to the candidate, "Brother, the next thing we [Pg 31]come to is the inner door of the middle chamber of King Solomon's Temple, which we find partly open, but more closely tyled by the Senior Warden;" when the Senior Warden inquires, "Who comes here?

It denotes Deity, before whom we all ought to bow with reverence, worship, and adoration. It also denotes Geometry, the fifth science: By Geometry we may curiously trace nature through her various windings to her most concealed recesses; by it we may discover the power, the wisdom, and the goodness of the Grand Artificer of the Universe, and view with delight the proportions which connect this vast machine; by it we may discover how the planets move in their different orbits, and demonstrate their various revolutions; by it we account for the return of a season, and the variety of scenes which each season displays to the discerning eye.

Numberless worlds surround us, all formed by the same. Divine Architect, which roll through this vast expanse, and all conducted by the same unerring law of nature.

A survey of nature, and the observations of her beautiful proportions, first determined man to imitate the divine plan, and study symmetry and order. The architect began to design; and the plans which he laid down, being improved by experience and time, have produced works which are the admiration of every age. The lapse of time, the ruthless hand of ignorance, and the devastations of war, have laid waste and destroyed many valuable monuments of antiquity, on which the utmost exertions of human genius have been employed.

Even the Temple of Solomon, so spacious and magnificent, and constructed by so many celebrated artists, escaped not the unsparing ravages of barbarous force.

Tools and implements of architecture, and symbolic emblems, most expressive, are selected by the fraternity to imprint on the mind wise and serious truths; and thus, through a succession of ages, are transmitted, unimpaired, the most excellent tenets of our institution. It will be observed that the candidate has received, in this place, the second section of the Lecture on this degree. This course is not generally pursued, but it is much the most instructive method; and when it is omitted, I generally conclude that it is for want of a knowledge of the Lecture.

Monitorial writers who are by no means coeval with Masonry all write, or copy, very much after each other, and they have all inserted in their books all [Pg 32]those clauses of the several Lectures which are not considered by the wise ones as tending to develop the secrets of Masonry.

In some instances, they change the phraseology a little; in others, they are literal extracts from the Lectures. This, it is said, is done to facilitate the progress of learners, or young Masons; when, in fact, it has the contrary effect.

The following charge is, or ought to be, delivered to the candidate after he has got through the ceremonies; but he is generally told, "It is in the Monitor, and you can learn it at your leisure. The internal, and not the external, qualifications of a man are what Masonry regards.

As you increase in knowledge, you will improve in social intercourse. It is unnecessary to recapitulate the duties which, as a Mason, you are bound to discharge; or enlarge on the necessity of a strict adherence to them, as your own experience must have established their value. Our laws and regulations you are strenuously to support; and be always ready to assist in seeing them duly executed.

You are not to palliate or aggravate the offences of your brethren; but in the decision of every trespass against our rules, you are to judge with candor, admonish with friendship, and reprehend with justice. The study of the liberal arts, that valuable branch of education, which tends so effectually to polish and adorn the mind, is earnestly recommended to your consideration; especially the science of Geometry, which is established as the basis of our art.

Geometry, or Masonry, originally synonymous terms, being of a divine moral nature, is enriched with the most useful knowledge; while it proves the wonderful properties of nature, it demonstrates the more important. An angle extending to ninety degrees. By the benefit of a pass-word.

What did those two distinct knocks allude to? Question—Are you a Fellow Craft Mason? Why by the Square? Your past behavior and regular deportment have merited the honor which we have now conferred.

Such is the nature of your engagements as a Fellow Craft. A worthy brother. Where was you prepared to be made a Fellow Craft Mason? What is that pass-word? What is a Square? To the second degree in Masonry. Because it is an emblem of virtue. How was you prepared? What was then said to you from within? I was asked by what further rights I expected to obtain so great a benefit. By the Square. By what will you be tried? My right knee bare bent. One point of the Compass elevated above the Square.

I was conducted twice regularly around the Lodge. He made a Fallow Craft Mason of me. How did you enter? On the angle of the Square presented to my naked right breast. In search of more light. After your oath. On being brought to light. More light. Where did they work?

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They did not. The Plumb. Faith in God. The Plumb is an instrument made use of by operative Masons to raise perpendiculars. Because in six days God created the heavens and the earth. What next did you discover? How was you then disposed of? The Worshipful Master approaching me a second time from the East. Question—Have you ever worked as a Fellow Craft Mason? Answer—I have. The Plumb admonishes us to walk uprightly. Did they not work on the Seventh?

At the building of King Solomon's Temple. I was conducted out of the Lodge. How long did they work? The working tools of a Fellow Craft Mason. Were those columns adorned with anything further?

Were they ornamented with anything? Eighteen cubits in height. Through a long porch. They were. Were they cast solid or hollow? Hiram Abiff. What was the name of the one on the left hand? What were their dimensions? Did they contain anything? Two large globes. What was the name of the one on the right hand?

Why were they cast hollow? Our Grand Master. By what way? Four inches. Were they adorned with anything? To denote the universality of Masonry. Why are they said to be so extensive? They did. Two large columns. On the banks of the river Jordan. Did you ever return to the sanctum sanctorum. A passage in Scripture. What do they denote? Who cast them? The better to withstand inundations or conflagrations. All the maps and charts of the celestial and terrestrial bodies.

Net work. I did. Did anything particular strike your attention on your return? There did. What was their thickness?

What do they collectively allude to? Where were they cast? What was their composition? What did you next come to? The Tuscan. What was the name of the pass? The five orders in architecture. The seven sabbatical years. By a pass. Judge of Israel. A long. The three principal supports in Masonry. What are the five orders in architecture?

What does it denote? Why was this pass instituted? What does the three steps allude to?

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The Ephraimites being highly incensed against Jephthah. In consequence of a quarrel which had long existed between Jephthah. The outer door of the middle chamber of King Solomon's Temple.

What does the five steps allude to? What are the five human senses? What does the seven steps allude to? This word was also used by our ancient brethren to distinguish a friend from a foe.

From an ear of corn being placed at the water-ford. By the grip and word. DEITY—before whom we should all bow with reverence. The Bible informs us that there was a person of that name employed at the building of King Solomon's Temple. It is very singular that a man so celebrated as Hiram Abiff was.

The traditional account of the death. King of Tyre. It does. Thus ends the second degree of Masonry. It also denotes Geometry. A person who has received the two preceding degrees. Does it denote anything? The inner door of the middle chamber of King Solomon's Temple. King of Israel. I always thought improperly.

The number of raps given on those occasions are the same as the number of the degree. I have no pleasure in them: Senior Warden. As the most vital points of man are contained between the two breasts. Or ever the silver cord be loosed. Then shall the dust return to the earth. I knowing it to [Pg 40]be such. I will fly to his relief at the risk of my life. I knowing them to be such. King Solomon is said to have made this exclamation on the receipt of the information of the death of Hiram Abiff. After the Master has given the sign and due-guard.

Others say the sign was given. The due-guard is given by putting the right hand to the left side of the bowels. The words accompanying this sign in case of distress are. I now present you with my right hand in token of brotherly love and affection. Here Masons differ very much. I now have the honor to present you with a lamb-skin. I hope. It is the pass-word to the Master's degree. Masons are all charged never to give the words except in the dark.

While the Wardens are examining the candidate. The Master returns to his seat. For there is hope of a tree. You are now about to travel to give us a specimen of your fortitude. As the waters fail from the sea. Master to candidate. Seeing his days are determined.

I will now present you with the working tools of a Master Mason. Thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass. I perceive you are dressed. O God. It was the custom of our Grand Master. Let us. But man dieth and wasteth away. The Trowel is an instrument made use of by operative Masons to spread the cement which unites a building into one common mass. He cometh forth as a flower. Man that is born of a woman is of few days and full of trouble.

The working tools of a Master Mason are all the implements of Masonry indiscriminately. O Lord! I also present you with three precious jewels. The Secretary calls the roll. Hiram Abiff! Hiram Abiff?

The Mysteries of Free Masonry by William Morgan

I fear he is indisposed. The Master now calls them to order again. The Master then addresses them in the following manner they in many Lodges kneel. Here the members all shuffle about the floor awhile. The Master then orders fifteen Fellow Crafts to be elected from the bands of the workmen. Here this part of the farce ends. Solomon observes. I fear the Master's word is forever lost! He [the candidate] is raised on what is called the five points of fellowship.

The Master's grip is given by taking hold of each other's right hand. This is done by putting the inside of your right foot to the inside of the right foot of the person to whom you are going to give the word. They go to the candidate and take hold of his forefinger and pull it.

A Lodge of Fellow Crafts are then sent. Hiram Abiff [In some Lodges they only send twelve. In this position the candidate is raised. The three that traveled a Westerly course come to the candidate and finger about him a little. As soon as he is raised to his feet they step back.

Hiram told him that he could not give the word then. You have. On a certain day not named in any of our traditional accounts. Hand to back. I mean Hiram Abiff. Breast to breast.

The history of that momentous event is thus related. They then separate. Knee to knee. Mouth to ear. Masonic tradition informs us that at the building of King Solomon's Temple. Solomon observed. The three that traveled a westerly course. After making further and more diligent search.

King Solomon coming up to the Temple at low six in the morning as was his usual custom. Solomon ordered search to be made inland about the Temple for him. On which Solomon directed them to go again. Here Hiram reasoned as before. Twelve Fellow Crafts came to me. I'll take your life. King Solomon then ordered fifteen Fellow Crafts to be elected from the bands of the workmen.

It is also said that the body had lain there fourteen days. The body was raised in the manner herein before described. Here follows a charge which ought to be. A few general. Not one-third part of the preceding history of this degree is ever given to a candidate. The ancient landmarks of the Order. Let no motive. Universal benevolence you are always to inculcate.

What was that pass-word? I was bid to wait till the Worshipful Master in the East was made acquainted with my request. Where were you prepared to be made a Master Mason? Answer—I am. I was conducted three times regularly around the Lodge and halted at the Junior Warden in the South. I was caused to enter the Lodge on the two extreme points of the Compass pressing my right and left breasts.

I was asked by what further rights I expected to obtain that benefit. To the third degree in Masonry. What did those three distinct knocks allude to? What was next said to you? Both my knees bare bent. How did the Worshipful Master dispose of you? After your obligation. On being brought to light on this degree. The working tools of a Master Mason. What do you most desire. All the implements of Masonry indiscriminately.

Did you receive light? He made an obligated Master Mason of me. Answer—I did. How came he to be alone at that time? What did they do with the body?

Whom did you represent at that time? What time was he slain? I was accosted by three ruffians. There was. Was there anything in particular took place on your return? I was accosted by one of them. At high twelve at noon. Did you ever give it to them? They carried it out at the West gate of the Temple. In attempting to retire at the South gate.

In what manner was you accosted? Was his death premeditated? Because it was the usual custom of our Grand Master. I did not. It was—by fifteen Fellow Crafts. What success? At what time was he missing? The three that traveled a westerly course from the Temple. He observed that our Grand Master. By the wisdom of King Solomon. The roll being called.

King Solomon ordered the roll of workmen to be called. Were the ruffians ever found? One of the three that traveled a westerly course from the Temple. He observed he feared some fatal accident had befallen our Grand Master. King Solomon ordered them to go and search again.

Search being made. At low six in the morning. What observations did King Solomon make at that time? There were three. Fourteen days. Under that sprig of cassia. A virgin weeping over a broken column. Where was it buried? Was the body of our Grand Master. How long had the body lain there? Raised it in a Masonic form. He ordered them to be executed agreeably to the several imprecations of their own mouths. It was. Where was it found? What did King Solomon do with them? Time standing behind her.

On removing the earth till they came to the coffin. Was there anything particular took place on the discovery of the body? Where did they usually meet? How many constitutes a Fellow Craft's Lodge?

The weeping virgin denotes the unfinished state of the Temple. On the ground floor of King Solomon's Temple. Fourteen hundred and fiftythree columns.

In the middle chamber of King Solomon's Temple. How long was the Temple building? What were they called?

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How many were there employed in the building of King Solomon's Temple? What did they represent? What further supported it? Question—What does a Master's Lodge represent?

What supported the Temple? How many constitutes an Entered Apprentice's Lodge? Three Grand Masters. Three grand columns. Seven years. The pillar of Wisdom represented Solomon. The pot of incense. Three Master Masons. They are emblematical of that divine ARK which safely wafts us over this tempestuous sea of troubles. When we take a survey of nature.

Thus was man formed for social and active life. It might have pleased the great Creator of heaven and earth to have made man independent of all other beings. How many constitutes a Master's Lodge? What are the first class? Have you any emblems on this degree? It teaches us that as we came into the world rational and intelligent beings. We have several. In youth. In the various stages of his progress, these systematic improvements undergo various changes, according to circumstances and situations.

What is proper and necessary in one grade of society, is wholly useless, and may be alarming in another. Opinions and usages that go down in tradition, and interfere not with our improvements in social concerns, adhere to us more closely and become entwined in all our feelings. It is to this we owe our bigoted attachment to antiquity—it is this that demands from us a superstitious reverence for the opinions and practices of men of former times, and closes the ear against truth, and blinds the eyes to the glare of new lights and new accessions of knowledge through which medium only can they break in upon the mind.

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We have within ourselves the knowledge; and everywhere around us the proofs that we are beings destined not to stand still. In our present state of advancement, we lock with pity on the small progress of our fathers in arts and sciences, and social institutions; and when compared with our elevated rank, we have just cause of pride and of grateful feelings.

They did well for the times in which they lived, but to the ultimatum of perfectability we are nearer, and in the monuments we have before us of the skill and genius of our times and age we have only fulfilled these destinies for which we were created; and we object to every obstacle that opposes or attempts to oppose the will of heaven. In the present enlightened state to which society has advanced, we contend that the opinions and tenets and pretended secrecies of "olden times," handed down to us, should be fully, fairly and freely canvassed; that from the mist and darkness which have hung over them, they should come out before the open light of day, and be subject to the rigid test of candid investigation.

These preliminary remarks lead as to the main object of our introduction. We come to lay before the world the claims of an institution which has been sanctioned by ages, venerated for wisdom, exalted for "light;" but, an institution whose benefits have always been overrated, and whose continuance is not in the slightest degree, necessary. We meet it with its high requirements, its "time honored customs," its swelling titles, and shall show it in its nakedness and simplicity.

Strip it of its "borrowed trappings" and it is a mere nothing, a toy not now worthy the notice of a child to sport with. We look back to it as, at one period, a "cement of society and bond of union"—we view it as, at one time, a venerable fort—but now in ruins—which contained within its walls many things that dignified and adorned human nature.

We give it due credit for the services it has done; but at present when light has gone abroad into the utmost recesses and corners of the world—when information is scattered wide around us, and knowledge is not closeted in cloisters and cells but "stalks abroad with her beams of light, and her honors and rewards," we may now, when our minority has expired, act up to our character and look no longer to Masonry as our guide and conductor; it has nothing in it now valuable that is not known to every inquiring mind.

It contains, wrapped up in its supposed mysteries, no useful truth, no necessary knowledge that has not gone forth to the world through.

If we would have a knowledge of sacred history—of the religion and practices of the Jews, and the terms and technicalities of the Mosaic institutions, we can have recourse to the Bible. If we wish further communications from heaven, we have open to our view the pages of the New Testament.

If we would "climb the high ascent of human science, and trace the mighty progress of human genius in every gigantic effort of mind in logic, geometry, mathematics, chemistry, and every other branch of knowledge," we ridicule the idea that Masonry, in her retirements, contains the arts and sciences. Download Links for 'Illustrations of Masonry': Categories All ebooks.

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