Der Tod in Venedig. link-marketing.info January , For the literary critic Thomas Mann must be 'gefundenes gefressen'. His works abound in symbolisms to be. gen eines Unpolitischen«und zum»Tod in Venedig«und - vorwärts - zu den Joseph-Romanen unterhält. Was ich da sagte, Gentlemen, um die Hemmungen. PDF | Mann integrates the image of the tiger (according to Nietzsche a concomitant of the Dionysian) that is associated with Aschenbach into Tod in Venedig.
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Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Written between July and July , Mann's Der Tod in Venedig has since its The only extensive reading of Der Tod in Venedig on such terms is Heinz. Death in Venice is a novella written by the German author Thomas Mann, first published in as Der Tod in Venedig. The work presents a great writer.
An Introduction, trans. Who else could get away with this drag but some great Dandy, one more- over of Irish stock his red hair is emphasized -but a dandy gone German with Rucksack , one who is making demands upon Aschenbach, staring down upon him, staring him down: MIT, Aschenbach's favorite motto from Frederic the Great-durchhalten! Mann criticism is marred by a "liberal tendency to defuse the controversial" see Inta Ezergailis, ed. Norton, In the extreme proximity of Aschenbach to the narrative voice at crucial moments habitually overlooked'6 and in this critical response, here directed not at a young male but at an adult, and what is more, at an author, one detects a significant shift from earlier novellas that put the ephebe at center, particularly Torlef3and Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray:
Does Aschenbach displace an instinctual desire into aesthetics as the novella is often read , or is desire a byproduct of cultural pressures at work This content downloaded from Is not this claim in some respects, at this moment in German history, the price of the ticket into the canon? Is Tadzio not simply a name for the incitement to the masculine worship of young males?
To pose the problem as a series of questions is not for the sake of rhetorical resonance: Nevertheless, they are legible. Caught between an emerging medical-juridical-subcultural constitution of the "homosexual," with its threatening Wildean self-rending, and the an- cient homoerotic-homosocial coercion of Phaedrus and Symposium, to which he has turned for relief from modernity's violence, Aschenbach be- comes an intersection of twinned social and textual impossibilites: Tadzio can no more become Aschenbach's lover than the driving fetish of his writ- ing.
As with nineteenth-century literature's overwhelming fetishism of fe- male bodies, the innocuous object never remains an object: Tadzio has bad teeth: The text's refusal to perpetuate the fantasy or fallacy of sustainable fetish emerges from its critique both of social practices and of aesthetic- epistemological positions. Aschenbach's conscious turn away from the vi- olence of "Wissen schaft " and psychologism and toward the "simplicity" of neo classical aesthetics begins to erode upon seeing Tadzio for the first time: Und hat Form nicht zweierlei Gesicht?
Ist sie nicht sittlich und unsittlich zugleich,-sittlich als Ergebnisund Ausdruckder Zucht,unsittlichaber und selbst widersittlich,sofern sie von Natur eine moralischeGleichgtiltigkeitin This content downloaded from At stake, so to speak, is Aschenbach's "Form" itself , the elapsing of time as shaped by the production of narrative prose that, quite literally, shapes his body as well: Aschenbach's favorite motto from Frederic the Great-durchhalten!
And so it is not merely that morality resists neoclassical aesthetics as water is shed from marble statuary-the very production of text is in-formative Durchbildung , and deformative, of the producer's body: Aschenbach is abundantly referred to through the participle made substantive: If the canonical or "das Gesetzmalige" cannot proceed without the particular, the Gegenstand "das Individuelle" according to Aschenbach, then it becomes tempting to discern in the text's utterly torturous wedding of aesthetic theory with objects both fetish and antifetish a Lacanian autre.
The novella in places seems to affirm such a reading: Die Beobachtungen und Begegnisse des Einsam-Stummensind zugleich verschwommenerund eindringlicherals die des Geselligen,seine Gedanken schwerer,wunderlicherundnie ohne einen Anflugvon Traurigkeit. The novella, however, never loses sight of Aschenbach's specific social positions. His revulsion at the "Dreck" of Venice and its poorer inhabitants extends to any Ve- netian who manifests a "beutelschneiderische[n] Geschiftsgeist" ; and yet in order to make them disappear, Aschenbach gives them coin, careful not to touch them.
His affection for Tadzio increases when the young man scowls at the "crude" Russians who share their beach.
Just as the narrative oscillates between these social and psychological assertions as between ancient and modern sexual orderings , so the nar- rator's allegiances shift over the course of the novella,52from apologia, to parody,53to utter identification. This passage, again according to Cohn, "is in every respect the least motivated, most jarring and discon- certing of the narrator's interventions. I would suggest that Mann designedly had his narrator jump the gun: The reader, in other words, is not coerced into identifi- cation with brutality directly, as in Musil's text, but is offered the compro- This content downloaded from Denn der Leidenschaftist, wie dem Verbrechen,die gesicherteOrdnungund Wohlfahrtdes Alltags nicht gemiB, und jede Lockerungdes biirgerlichen Gefitiges,jede Verwirrungund Heimsuchungder Welt mu8 ihr willkommen sein, weil sie ihrenVorteildabei zu findenunbestimmthoffen kann.
So emp- fand Aschenbacheine dunkleZufriedenheit The text does not require a subcultural Wilde or a biological Musil homosexual in order to cement its social-critical and deconstructive take on Dorian Gray, and its release from social conventions of sexual orientation issues precisely from the complete desubjectification of Tadzio, or the exposure of the object as phallic. The revelation of authorial decay, so unlike Wilde's spectacle of implication, proceeds not out of suggestion that this decay is constitutional but as the shredding of masculinity in its institution: The late nineteenth century's pressure to enter philosophical and high cul- tural traditions via this pederastic-pedagogic nexus59founders in the conflict with actual, cultural dysfunctions in its practice: It is not simply the case that Dorian, the Doric statue or column, can no longer subtend fetish; it is not that fetish, or form, is exhausted.
Dorian-that is, Tadzio-was never object to begin with.
But more than this: Form has literally become unbearable, insupportable: The text, like the Visconti film entitled Death in Venice, fades to white, with the confluence of disease and abjection offering a closure laden with Nietz- schean Trauer, or, in 2iiek's sense, "the hero stages a psychotic identifica- tion with his love object, with his sinthome Butterfly , then to hold that the coherence of the masculinist subject is thereby imperiled would be to overstate the cultural significance of the text and to underestimate the will to exhume and revive the figure of the ephebe, to banish the enactment of abjection, to disfigure the young male body in endless rituals of opening: Reed, Thomas Mann.
Der Tod in Venedig. Text, Materialen, Kommentar. Mit den bisher unveroiffentlichen Arbeitsnotizen Thomas Manns Munich: Hanser, For a general overview of Mann criticism in this respect, see: Gerald Chapple and Hans H. Schulte, eds. Winter, Bantam, SThe text's own insistence upon this reading should render it all the more suspect. See James R.
McWilliams, "The Failure of Repression: Suhrkamp, ; Margaret M. Gullette, "The Exile of Adult- hood: Pedophilia in the Midlife Novel," Novel: A Forum on Fiction 17 Norbert Oellers Taibingen: Niemeyer, Although the matter of Mann's erotic attachment to men has been public knowledge for several decades now, critics have not rushed to investigate his texts on these terms: It is, again, a measure of the discomfort of the literary critical establishment with homosexual topoi that Frank Baron, in an article titled "Sensuality and Morality in Thomas Mann's Tod in Venedig" Germanic Review 45 : Ausgangspunkt Venedig," the introductory chapter.
Bouvier, , cf. Nevertheless, as Vaget notes in "Thomas Mann und kein Ende": Mann criticism is marred by a "liberal tendency to defuse the controversial" see Inta Ezergailis, ed.
Hall, ] 5. In Lacanian terms, for example, I mean that whether one treats the objet petit a, the surplus of signification, via "discourse of the university" or the "discourse of the analyst," the actions of domination and identification amount to desire for control.
For explication of the four types of discours, see Slavoj Zifek, Looking Awry: MIT, Hans Burgin and Peter de Mendelssohn Frankfurt a. Fischer, This is largely because Mann himself commented frequently, and in contradictory ways about Der Tod, and because most critics worked with a model of authorial intent.
The shift occurred in the late s, with the following commentators: Hans W. Jahrhundert Berlin: Schmidt, Subsequent references to this edition will be provided parenthetically in the text.
Les6r, Thomas Mann's Short Fiction: An Intellectual Biography, ed. Mitzi Brunsdale London: Associated U Presses, Hollingdale, Thomas Mann: Bucknell UP, The nemesis figures, discussed below, are further occasions for critics' contempt, despite their manifest function as "symbols" in the text. McWilliams, Brother Artist: UP of America, Nijhoff, Hollingdale Heinz, ]. Analyses of the grotesque in Der Tod generally read the nemesis figures Begleitfiguren as prefigurations of Aschenbach's "collapse.
Studien zur deutschen Literatur von Nietzsche bis Brecht. Festschriftfiir Walter Sokel, ed. Lillyman Ttibingen: Niemeyer, , rpt. Hall, See Sedgwick, Epistemology , for a returning of the regurgitant whence it came. Edward S. Brinkley, "Homosexuality as Anti Illness: Thomas Mann und der Konservativismus Wtirzburg: Ko- nigshausen, ; on literary conservativism, see Jtirgen Scharfschwerdt, Thomas Mann und der deutsche Bildungsroman Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, and Thomas Mann und die Tra- dition, ed.
Peter Ptitz Frankfurt a. Athenhium, Ein Beitrag zur Untersuchung seiner dichterischen Verfahrensweise Diss.: Hanser, ff. Zum Problem des iisthetischen Perspektivismus in der Moderne Bonn: Peter Piitz Frankfurt a. Thomas Mann und Nietzsche," Exil: Wirkung und Wertung,ed. Donald G. Daviau and Ludwig M. Fischer Columbia: Roger A. U of California P, See also John Burt Foster, Jr. Princeton UP, Nearly every text dealing with Der Tod in Venedig brings in Nietzsche at some point.
Charles Neider New York: New Directions, ; as much as any one might read, this essay attests the presence of structuralist strategies of reading amongst the New Critics.
Essays fiir Oskar Seidlin, ed. Gerald Gillespie and Edgar Lohner Tibingen: A Study of Thomas Mann Boston: Peter U. Hohendahl et al. Washington UP, Studien zum Werk Thomas Manns Ttibingen: Winter, ] uses Roland Barthes's concept "jouissance" from Le plaisir du texte to conjoin Aschenbach's "love" and his "writing. Aschenbach's death thus can only be interpreted as "kunstlisthetische Katharsis Thomas Manns.
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, Rolf Tiedemann and Herman Schweppenhaiuser Frank- furt a. Suhrkamp, The comic-camp introduction of Bibi as Greek "denn es ist ein Griechenknabe" interrupts the linear development Hdirle sees in "Vom Pathos zur Parodie," at least inasmuch as the subtle eroticism in the short story is awash in parody, quite early in the oeuvre.
Enjoy- ment as a Political Factor London: Verso, ff. Norton, Magnus Hirschfeld, Berlins drittes Geschlecht, vol. Seemann, Verlag Rosa Winkel Hans-Georg Stimke, Homo- sexuelle in Deutschland: Eine politische Geschichte Munich: Beck, Steakley, "Cinema and Censorship in the Wei- mar Republic: The Kaiserreich to the Third Reich, , ed.
John C. Fout Chicago: Aschen- bach no doubt incoporates Goethe, as well as August von Platen, Hugo von Hoffmannsthal, and Gustav Mahler, in addition to Mann's own experiences during his Venetian vacation of , but Nietzsche's presence in Aschenbach is strong as well see n.
An Introduction, trans. Robert Hurley [New York: Vintage, ]. If these fields had and have formative power in the distinction between ho- mosexual and heterosexual, then the results of their coercive force, as Foucault also notes, is a series of recombinant fields. Here the text attests those of the criminal against human law, divine law ; the false or unnatural against nature ; and the disgusting against beauty?
All such categories, of course, elide at various moments in this text and elsewhere.
Reed, Thomas Mann: The Uses of Tradition Oxford: Clarendon, , among many others traces Aschenbach's Mann's specific Platonic sources. Arno, ; reissued Salem, New Hampshire: Ayer, ; Manfred Herzer, Magnus Hirschfeld: Leben und Werk eines jiidischen, schwulen und sozialistischen Sexologen Frankfurt a. Campo, ; and This content downloaded from A Portrait of a Pioneer in Sexology London: Quartet, Luke rather than "sex," but the German is ambiguous.
Fout, "Sexual Politics in Wilhelmine Germany: Thomas Mann: The full text of this article hosted at iucr. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. Volume 27 , Issue 2. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account.
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